Wednesday 27 August 2014

Understanding the BPS Reducing Crime and Reoffending Plan: Part One - Reducing the Democratic Deficit

by Kim Workman

The government’s Better Public Service Reducing Crime and Reoffending Strategy  was introduced in July 2012, and set targets for both the overall reduction in crime and the reduction of reoffending.  Since then, the government has issued regular progress updates, informing the public of its success. 

The strategy has been successful on a number of fronts.  First, it wrenched political parties and the punitive public away from the ‘tough on crime’ rhetoric; the triennial bidding war and the ‘rush to punish’.  Second, it changed the nature of the debate from “What Should We Do?” to “How Should We Do it?”  Third, it gave government agencies the opportunity to propose strategies based their current understanding about  ‘what works’.  Finally, it presented justice sector agencies with a set of targets, which they were required to meet.

The Government developed six action plans to deliver these results:  

·         Support repeat victims
·         Target repeat locations
·         Improve assessment and interventions for youth
·         Reduce availability of alcohol
·         Increase alcohol and drug treatment in the community
·         Strengthen rehabilitation and re-integration services to prepare and support people to live law-abiding lives

Reporting on Progress

From the outset, government-generated  publicity promised a major reduction in overall crime, rather than a reduction in recorded crime.  In July 2012, Minister Judith Collins,  announced the new strategy: 

“2011 saw the lowest crime rate in thirty years. Resolution rates continue to increase, and even violent crime – which had been rising – has stabilised. But for a victim of crime, that one crime is too many. Even on top of recent gains, achieving these targets will mean 112,000 fewer crimes between now and 2017 – and thousands fewer victims.”

Fast forward to March 2014, when Minister Anne Tolley in a media release, referred to a drop of 17.4% in recorded  crime, and went on to say that the target of a 25 per cent reduction in reoffending by 2017, will result in huge benefits for communities and taxpayers;
“It will mean safer streets, with 18,500 fewer victims of crime each year, as well as 4,000 fewer community offenders and 600 less prisoners in jails.”
The following month, Minister Collins in reporting on  progress until December 2013,  again made no mention of whether the reduction  was in the actual crime rate, or the recorded crime rate.   

“New Zealand now has the lowest crime rate since 1978 but most importantly, the results mean New Zealanders are experiencing around 56,000 fewer crimes a year, leading to fewer victims of crime.

What Does the Public Understand these Results to Mean?  – A Social Network Survey

Rethinking Crime and Punishment became concerned at the considerable public confusion about what these figures meant, and how they would be achieved.  It ran a survey through its social networks, to find out what respondents understood these progress reports to mean.  We didn’t have the resources to run a random survey, and the results do not represent the views of all New Zealanders.  Nevertheless, the results gave indications as to the confusion inside and outside government circles around how the government evaluates success in crime reduction strategies.  We decided to publish the result, given that the public interest outweighed the limitations of a non-random sample. 

We then asked David Harpham, former Principal Strategic Analyst, Department of Corrections, to report on the survey.  David is both highly experienced and highly respected.  His report makes some important observations about the current gap that exists between survey respondent’s preferred crime evaluation measure, (i.e. a reduction in reported crime), versus the Minister's crime evaluation measure, (i.e. a reduction in recorded crime). 

Summary of Key Results:  

Reductions in Crime Questions

1. Reported (rather than recorded) crime was the most popular measure of crime for respondents. Reported crime data was even more popular when considering violent crime.
2. Respondent answers produced a consistent pattern over different contexts.
3. Respondents generally believed that the minister's reporting aligned with the respondents' own interpretation, even when this was not the case.
4. Typically less than a quarter of respondents (including Justice sector employee respondents)  identified with the current Police “recorded crime” approach as their preferred best metric  for evaluating crime reductions.

Reductions in Reoffending Questions

1. Most respondents (80%) selected that re-offending reductions should be evaluated by measuring re-convictions.
2. Most respondents selected that re-offending should be measured for anyone with a conviction.  This differs from the way official figures are currently produced which relate only to those with sentences managed by Corrections.  It is not clear if respondents understood the difference and that convictions include all those with fines as well.
3. A few respondents thought the measure for re-offending reductions should only be about released prisoners.
4. Respondents generally seemed to believe that the minister's reporting aligned with the respondent's own thinking. This was not usually the case.

Other Observations

Justice Sector Staff Equally Confused

There was a surprisingly high rate of Department of Corrections' (verified by IP address) senior staff and other Justice sector involvement but the observations and the responses were not seen to be greatly different between Justice and non justice respondents.  Given this high Justice sector representation one might reasonably conclude that even Justice officials don't greatly understand the metrics being used to assert crime reduction success.

Other Means of Measuring Crime Reduction

The choices offered in the survey did not include any options to measure crime outcomes more directly and independently of Justice sector budgets.  For example, one could measure insurance burglary claims and hospital visits for person on person injury and the use of community surveys. Offering such choices would have improved the scope of the survey usefulness.

Recorded Crime Rates are not Direct Measures of Offending Rates

The Minister regularly presents crime recording rates and re-conviction rates as if they are direct measures of offending rates.  The reality is that both of these measures depend in large part on Justice sector budget and processing decisions.  If you stopped all policing you would stop recording crime and also stop recording re-convictions but this would not mean crime has reduced.  More focus on diverting young offenders will reduce re-convictions, but offences may still have taken place pre-diversion.  The current Police and Corrections approaches to measuring crime targets are prone to abuse by spin doctors. 

Use of Rates rather than Totals of Reconviction

Even more confusing is to use rates rather than totals of re-conviction as measures to indicate progress.  The difficulty here is that the total convictions of recidivists can have increased even when the re-conviction rate has gone down.  The opposite is also true.  The rate only provides a measure of the relative concentration of Justice engagement with recidivist offenders versus Justice engagement with non recidivist offenders.  A successful decrease in the number of recidivists could easily be masked by a proportionate decrease in the number of non recidivists processed.  The rate or proportion might be the same despite big successful changes. 

An example of the reporting problem might help. If 30 out of 40 released recidivists were re-convicted and 60 non-recidivists were also released then Corrections would report a 30% re-conviction rate (30/100). However if we had a successful rehabilitation program the next year with only 20 out of 40 released recidivists re-convicted along with also having a successful diversion program for non-recidivist types so that only 20 of these passed through prison and were released then Corrections would report a 30% re-conviction rate (20/60). No apparent change but a radically different dialogue. Similar examples can be envisioned where things have got worse but the numbers actually look better.

Following Treasury Advice
In July 2013, Treasury wrote a background paper for the long term fiscal strategy that identified opportunities to deliver better Justice Sector Outcomes in the short term.[1]  It advised the Justice sector to 

tell a clear and compelling story on justice sector performance, focussing more on what is being achieved and less on how services are provided’

Tht advice has led to regular updates on the reduction of crime and reoffending, but very little information on how that has been achieved.
That advice has created a public knowledge gap, confirmed by our survey.  There must be a growing suspicion of the validity of the statistical information in the absence of detailed information about how the reductions were achieved. If the story is to be ‘clear and compelling’, then the public need to understand not only what has been achieved, but how.

In our view, the advice from Treasury has been misinterpreted, and conflicts with advice given earlier in the report that

Consensus across the sector and with the wider public about how best to deliver the aims of a safe and just society is required. [2]

Rethinking’s Position

We are emerging from two weeks of “Dirty Politics” – a time when the dark underbelly of New Zealand politics has been seriously exposed, and our confidence in the integrity of politicians seriously undermined.  If the BPS Reducing Crime and Reoffending strategy is to succeed, it is critical that it quickly overcomes the credibility gap that is starting to develop, between what is happening, and what the public is told is happening.  There has to be clear and transparent access to information, and an understanding of what the justice sector is doing, and why. 

We are supportive of pre-charge warnings, alternative dispositions, and approaches which keep people (especially young offenders) away from the formal criminal justice system.  The evidence is clear, that actions of that kind reduce reoffending over the long term. 
Failure to provide clear information and to be honest about what is happening, will only serve to fuel scepticism and doubt about its effectiveness.  That kind of approach excludes the need to come up with spectacular reported outcomes, which on closer scrutiny, may not stack up.  We should rejoice in any improvement, however modest. 

Addressing the ‘Democratic Deficit

“It appears that trust in statistics presented by politicians is high and clarity in measuring outcomes is low.  This is unlikely to be a healthy combination for informed democracy.”
David Harpham
A ‘democratic deficit’ exists when there is any situation in which there is believed to be a lack of democratic accountability and control over the decision –making process.  It includes a situation in which there is a gap between public expectations and the government’s performance and policy; between what they expect of the system, how they expect it to work, and their influence on it.

There is a gaping hole between the government and the public in relation to the BPS Strategy.  It needs to be addressed, preferably when the justice sector meets to review its BPS targets, and set new ones. 

Last week Ministers Bill English and Jonathan Coleman announced that after the election, they intended to raise the BPS target and reduce the total crime rate by 20 per cent from June 2011 to June 2017 – up from the current target reduction of 15 per cent.  We would urge caution – first let’s have an increase in transparency and accountability before further confusing the public. 

An Independent Evaluation Mechanism

“It is time to call for a capable and independent body to provide transparent evaluation of total criminal harm. A healthy democracy needs this to confidently assess the merits of the coercive arm of government”. 
David Harpham

There is growing concern at the lack of independent evaluation of programmes within the justice sector, and claims of success in the absence of independent assessment.  Incentivisation brings its own challenges.   Any review of the BPS Reducing Crime and Reoffending Strategy, should consider the extent to which it relies on government agencies to report their own success or failure, and whether there is sufficient external audit of performance. 

It would seem highly likely that there are some real good news stories underlying the statistics. We like to think this because we like the ‘What works’ roots of recent changes and we support the stated good intentions of the new initiatives.  But it also seems highly likely that given the lack of independence for the only statistics available that we cannot be certain of the scale of the real social gains and we must be even less sure about attribution for any improvements.

Watch out for Our Next Blog:

Keep an eye out for Part Two – coming out tomorrow.  

Understanding the BPS Reducing Crime and Reoffending Plan –
Part Two –Reducing Reoffending – Pushing the Boat Out

[1] NZ Treasury . ‘Windows of Opportunity to Deliver Better Justice Sector Outcomes over the Long Term’- Background Paper for the 2013 Statement on the Long Term Fiscal Position, July 2013.
[2] Treasury Paper, p.12

90 Comments on this Post:

Anonymous said...

At last ! You have confirmed my own growing impression over the last year that these figures were confusing and misleading at the very least. Thank you.

soniboni said...

good Sharma’s prior show, Comedy Nights with Kapil, was emerge a home that was large. great.

yuvikhan said...

good extremely repeated necessity of our daily schedule. It is definitely likewise official tutorial up-to-date variation of SHAREit APK App through the least complicated method. SHAREit Android great.

so said...

There has to be clear and transparent access to information, and an understanding of what the justice sector is doing, and why.

yuvikhan said...

good Sharma’s prior show, Comedy Nights with Kapil, was emerge a home that was large. nice.

Anonymous said...

good that although they cannot receive the directing targeting click here Snapchat can be writing the innovative testimonies nice.

Unknown said...

To upgrade your IOS to Latest IOS 10 new release by Apple Inc. you can get New iOS 10.Or you can search for CydiaNerd on you Browser.

Unknown said...

this halloween 2016 with your family and friends with
amazing halloween costumes, Get halloween costume
ideas for Halloween
i am sure you going to enjoy the most awaited street fight upcoming game tekken 7 characters ,you will be amazed by ,the game will be going to release for ps4 soon.

Anonymous said...

good for you as a photographer, but there will come to be a whole lot for you uncover. Wedding Photography in Ahmedabad Wedding Photography in Vadodara nice.

Unknown said...

Our team relentlessly works to make each assignment a grand success for shifting.
Packers and Movers Pune
Packers and Movers Mumbai
Packers and Movers Blog

Unknown said...

We provide world-class packing and moving services so that you carry out shifting in an errorless manner.
Packers and Movers Bangalore
Packers and Movers Hyderabad

Unknown said...

We are the most sought Packers and Movers because of surpassed quality and perfection.
Packers and Movers Gurgaon
Packers and Movers Delhi

Anonymous said...

awesome the coming days. People are already caring it and tutuapp pokemon download TuTu App on your Android and iOS products nice.

Paulo said...

Likewise, private guide advances regularly have variable financing costs while government credits have settled rates. At the point when government credits don't address the greater part of your issues, private budgetary guide advances can cross over any barrier. Cash Advance Chicago

Paulo said...

In the event that you require some monetary pay for your school instruction you can apply for various sorts of understudy advances to help you. Your credit will accumulate enthusiasm until you pay it back, implying that the sum you in the long run reimburse will be more prominent than the sum you at first obtain. Check Cashing Corona

Unknown said...

When you have more credit accessible, yet less utilized (like when you merge understudy advance obligation) after the instance of a higher score. In this way, if for no other explanation, consider merging to help your financial assessment. Check Cashing Corona

Anonymous said...

good to play this addicting video game on your PC. To download Photo artisto apk download for users who face issues downloading and install Artisto nice.

Online Birthday Cake Delivery said...

Sweet as the Moment When the On the Cakengift Cake & Flower Services:-

Unknown said...

After you have secured the greater part of this data and realities and concur with every one of the stipulations of the agreement, you are currently prepared to finish the solidification credit and before long, start reimbursing the advance union advance understanding. cash advance chicago

cathrynzbrown said...

good much time going back and forth in between your resort as well as much time going back and forth in between your resort as well as great.

virginiadavis said...

good handheld video game PSP PlayStation smartphones to Select, Protection and also examine the alternative nice.

kathiencarroll said...

It is beyond simple to see showbox movies online, yet the majority of the video clips that are.

Unknown said...

Is vShare Download Safe? – You must be wondering to know if it is safe to get vShare on your iPhone or iPad. Well, we are here to discuss vShare in details so you can make up your mind.

TriciaGonzalez said...

Popular instantaneous messaging app WhatsApp had made react and text to their dear ones right from their web internet browsers.

Way2flowers said...

Way2flowers said...

Way2flowers said...

Anonymous said...

This is really an interesting blog I love it and enjoyed it so much keep sharing like this. Windows tech support

Anonymous said...

Just like all other fine products of Google, Google Play Music is one of its kind. Google Play Music lets you stream millions of songs of your choice and also upload your music collection. The amazing performance of Google Play Music has earned it millions of users worldwide. But like other music apps, the Google Play Music is not free from technical glitches. Google play music customer service

Anonymous said...

if you are looking for the best music player then please visit our site, you will surely get your answer.
spotify Customer Service

anosh said...

شركة تنظيف خزانات بالباحة
شركة عزل خزانات بالباحة
شركة رش مبيدات بالباحة
شركة مكافحة حشرات بالباحة
: شركة تنظيف خزانات بالباحة
تقدم لكم شركة تنظيف خزانات بالباحة افضل الطرق الحديثة في تنظيف الخزانات كما ان شركة البيت الراقي تقوم بأرسال مجموعة من العمال والفنيين المتميزين في خدمة تنظيف وعزل الخزانات وتقوم بالمعاينة وتنظيف الخزان وازلة مابة من شوائب عالقة كما اننا نقوم بتعقيم الخزان وتطهيرة بأفضل الطرق المعروفة عالميا والتي تحافظ علي صحة الانسان

pankaj kumar said...

Adding fruit contributes sugar and more calories in addition to more nutrients.
organifi coupan
patriot health alliance

Harry Seth said...

Here is everything you need to know about latest iOS 12 and the beta developer program which allows you to get iOS 12 beta download for your iPhone or iPad devices.

Source: iOS 12 Guide

Cash Advances Chicago said...

Along these lines, just utilize loans when you are in a flush and strong position fiscally as of now and basically require some additional money quick for the here and now. Done right, they can absolutely help you out when things are "only somewhat tight" on an impermanent premise.

Anonymous said...

Thank you for posting such a great article! I found your website perfect for my needs
video downloader free

ghostus said...

Showbox is one of those apps that makes it simple for watchers to watch films and TV shows on their smartphones and PC’s. The best part is, it’s Completely free! click here to download showbox apk 2018 for pc

Anonymous said...

Hey, know About Matiur Rahman biography? Visit Our page or Matiur Rahman Bio, Born, Age, Height, Facts, Family, News, Secrets, Trivia,

AjayKM said...

Very Nice blog for learning new things, thanks for such beautiful blog.
rarbg proxy unblock

Mike Jason said...

Such a remarkable post, I should state that, I am listening cautiously in your article. I would be extremely cheerful on the off chance that you can tell me progressively about your articles. Great work and keep it up much appreciated. Xord Cosmetics Herbal Products

Grace Ella said...

Finding a suitable topic and writing an excellent introduction with unique structure is not a piece of cake , so I am getting help from a writing service. It offers me high-quality content with in-depth research on reasonable prices. If you are looking for a writing service , you can select Essay Writing Service

Yang said...

This is on point isn't it. This is a six years old blog but still relevant.


Yang said...

Thanks. Our team send their greetings.

Rezalo kacose said...

You have a great blog here! would you like to make some invite posts on my blog?

Wisata Jogja

Haconi Siha said...

You have a great blog here! would you like to make some invite posts on my blog?

Wisata Jogja

Jery Fox said...

There is noticeably a bundle to know about this. I assume you made certain nice points in features also.

Visit Web

kinemaster mod said...

right, we should be aware of the rules and what those are for. this post has a very valid point. thanks for sharing such amazing post.

RalphSelton said...

This really answered my problem, thank you!

Visit Web

MariyamSimones said...

Wow, cool post. I'd like to write like this too - taking time and real hard work to make a great article... but I put things off too much and never seem to get started. Thanks though.

Visit Web

IsacAiden said...

Spot on with this write-up, I truly think this website needs much more consideration. I’ll probably be again to read much more, thanks for that info.

Visit Web

Jery Fox said...

There are some interesting points in time in this article but I don’t know if I see all of them center to heart. There is some validity but I will take hold opinion until I look into it further. Good article, thanks and we want more! Added to FeedBurner as well

Anonymous said...

It’s hard to find knowledgeable people on this topic, but you sound like you know what you’re talking about! Thanks
Klik Disini

Garika Jello said...

Very nice post, i certainly love this website, keep on it
Click Here
Visit Web

FMWhatsapp APK said...

Thanks for the detailed article on this topic. I would like to see more such awesome articles from you.

GBWhatsapp Apk said...

I am very lucky to visit your page. It is very amazing page. Thanks for sharing.

Ricky R said...

Thanks for sharing this info. Just check this:

CorySteeves said...

The next time I read a blog, I hope that it doesnt disappoint me as much as this one. I mean, I know it was my choice to read, but I actually thought you have something interesting to say. All I hear is a bunch of whining about something that you could fix if you werent too busy looking for attention.
Click Here
Visit Web

john williams said...

The global dialyser market is being driven by the growing incidence of CKDs like ESRD and kidney disease. The main causes of chronic kidney disorders are diabetes and hypertension, with the increasing prevalence of these diseases, contribute to other health-related problems, like diabetes, urinary tract infection, urinary incontinence, and renovascular disease, Kidney diseases are likely to be caused by these conditions leading to increased demand for dialysis. The rising health problems caused by the pandemic also contribute to increased demand for dialyzers.

Ruby Taylor said...

This AI face swap app allows you to edit and swap faces with your friends to create compelling images. You can easily change faces, whether a photo, video, or GIF. The results it brings will make you happy all day. You and your friends will have unique and unforgettable images.

Fargoan Son said...

I’m not sure exactly why but this website is loading extremely slow for me.
Is anyone else having this problem or is it a issue on my end? I’ll check back later and see if the problem still exists.

robin said...

The main thing to buy most popular removable ladder rack is to save money and time

Best Services said...

You have done very good work. Keep your work up and share more thoughts on this. Now it's time to avail Hi Vis Traffic Jacket for more information.

John Hardy said...

Yes, I am very happy to read this one. Your government provide good service and reducing crime in public. Thanks for sharing this information. Now it's time to avail shutter repair for more information.

garylarry2003 said...

I thought of when I saw the word "celebrate" Therefore if I do not mention this service so that they are abused, I will remember my exam colleagues and the celebration of how we were to celebrate this day. because its assistance helps me through my challenges. Without his leadership and dedication, we might not have been able to achieve the success we did in the exams. expository essay writing Help assistance was crucial to our group's overall success.

Take my online class said...

Crime is the biggest drawback to our society and we have to reduce it.

Thomas Shelby said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Shenninghayley said...

We offer private notary uae and cheap notarial services to individuals as well as small and large businesses.

Anonymous said...

Public Notary Dubai is an essential service that provides legal authentication and documentation services to the public. The notary verifies signatures, witnesses oaths, and certifies copies of documents.

Anonymous said...

Edmonton homeowners can rely on professional foundation repair edmonton services to address issues such as cracking, sinking, or shifting foundations. These services can help to protect your home's structural integrity and maintain its value.

strongnomads said...

Regular progress updates can help keep the public informed and engaged in this important issue. On a different note, Girevichka Dubaioffers kettlebell training that can be a great way to stay active and improve overall fitness.


I am impressed with your article thank you for your efforts.
Virginia Reckless Driving

John Hardy said...

Yes, I am totally agreed with this one. Apricate your well written article. I must share this one with my good friends. Now it's time to avail car service boynton beach fl for more information.

Pay Someone To Do My Online Exams said...

Very interesting, I wish to see much more like this. Thank you for sharing this kind of information. Reducing the Democratic Deficit refers to addressing the lack of democratic participation and engagement among certain groups within society, particularly those who are at a higher risk of committing crimes or re offending. In the criminal justice context, this might involve taking steps to ensure that all individuals have equal access to opportunities, resources, and representation in decision-making processes that impact their lives.

Monster Rabbit said...

Monster Rabbit is a premium brand offering high-quality sex honey abu dhabi. Elevate your intimate experiences with our natural and potent products, crafted for pleasure and satisfaction. Explore the power of passion with Monster Rabbit.

Vava Store said...

It is very amazing news that the government reduces the crime rate and it is very safety for the people to live in a happy way. Want leather jacket with best fashionable design like taylor swift sequin jacket you can take on traditional affairs and events.

Cmolds Creativity said...

Cmolds is a top app development company known for its innovative and cutting-edge solutions in mobile app development. With a proven track record of delivering exceptional user experiences and a commitment to staying at the forefront of technology, Cmolds stands out as a leader in the industry, consistently delivering apps that redefine excellence and user engagement.

Pay Someone To Do My Online Class said...

Thanks for posting this info. Looking forward for more like this. Reducing crime rates is a crucial goal for any society, and there are many positive aspects to highlight when discussing efforts to achieve this. Are you feeling overwhelmed as your exams draw near? Do you say, “I need to pay someone to do my online exam”? Look no further! We are here to lend you a helping hand during these challenging times. As a trusted academic assistance service, we connect struggling students with professional academics who can provide the support they need.

Anna Thomas said...

The government's commitment to reducing crime and reoffending is commendable. Just as strategic initiatives aim to make society safer, an office renovation can strategically transform a workspace, promoting productivity and well-being while aligning with broader goals. It's all about creating positive change, whether in our communities or workplaces.

Rhymes Writing Services said...

In "Understanding the BPS Reducing Crime and Reoffending Plan: Part One - Reducing the Democratic Deficit," readers delve into the intricate framework of crime reduction strategies. This insightful text unravels the democratic deficit, examining policy intricacies and civic engagement. It sheds light on crucial aspects, offering a comprehensive perspective essential for informed discourse and decision-making.

shelby said...

"Your blog is an absolute goldmine of inspiration and insightful information on Understanding the BPS Reducing Crime and Reoffending Plan: Part One - Reducing the Democratic Deficit. I genuinely appreciate the valuable insights you share. Your passion for this subject is clearly reflected in your thoughtful posts, making each visit a truly enriching experience."Abogado de Violencia Doméstica New JerseyDivorcio Barato en Nueva York

sopfiaa said...

For those of us searching for information about quick and inexpensive divorces in New York, your blog is invaluable. I have found your advice and insights to be of great assistance in getting through this process. I appreciate you offering these excellent materials!
Rápido Barato Divorcio Nueva York

Tempo School of Music said...

Elevate your musical journey at Tempo School of Music, a distinguished Music Academy in Houston Texas. Our expert instructors and diverse programs create an inspiring environment for students of all ages to explore and excel in the world of music.

abigailuna said...

The review explores the BPS Reducing Crime and Reoffending Plan's approach to reducing the democratic deficit, highlighting its focus on community engagement and participation, and its clear strategies for bridging the democratic gap in crime prevention. Stipulation of Settlement Divorce New York

julianqueen said...

Understanding and implementing Broken Windows Policing (BWP) is crucial for reducing crime. BWP emphasizes addressing minor offenses and maintaining public order to prevent the escalation of criminal activity. The theory posits that visible signs of disorder, such as broken windows or graffiti, create an environment conducive to criminal behavior.
How to get a No Fault Divorce in New York

Future Style said...

"With its avant-garde approach, Future Style by Nida Faysal redefines fashion by combining cutting-edge designs with a nod to traditional craftsmanship." Every item honors the rich history of style while reflecting a vision of the future, making it an essential purchase for anybody aspiring to be a great dresser."

Carter Linus said...

"estate planning taxes lawyer"
The article provides a clear overview of the BPS Reducing Crime and Reoffending Plan, highlighting its objectives, insightful analysis, comprehensive overview, citation of sources, in-depth examination, engagement with counterarguments, accessibility, visual aids, policy implications, and future prospects. It provides a comprehensive overview of the plan, covering key aspects related to crime reduction and reoffending. The article also includes a discussion of potential counterarguments and criticisms against the plan, ensuring its credibility and reach. The language used is accessible to a broad audience, and visual aids like charts, graphs, or infographics can help convey complex information more effectively. The article also discusses the broader policy implications of the plan and its potential effects on various communities, providing a holistic perspective. The article also offers insights into the potential long-term impacts and future prospects of the BPS plan, contributing to a forward-looking discussion. The article's feedback may vary based on the content and structure of the article, but these general considerations aim to enhance the overall quality and impact of the piece.

patrick davidson said...

The government's Better Public Service Reducing Crime and Reoffending Strategy aims to tackle crime effectively. With a focus on prevention and rehabilitation, it seeks to reduce recidivism rates and promote community safety. Need a sonogram near me? Explore our trusted healthcare services for comprehensive diagnostics and care.


The government's proactive initiative, the Better Public Service Reducing Crime and Reoffending Strategy, aims to curb criminal activities and promote rehabilitation. Just as swiftly as flash fashion trends online shop emerge, this strategy seeks to address societal challenges, fostering safer communities while addressing underlying issues contributing to crime and reoffending.

pay someone to do my online exam said...

The article is well-researched and cites reputable sources, giving readers confidence in the accuracy and reliability of the information presented

CMOLDS Mobile App Development Company in Dubai said...

CMOLDS, a premier app development company in uae, pioneers innovative mobile solutions tailored to your business needs. With a dedicated team of experts and a proven track record of success, we specialize in crafting top-quality apps that resonate with your target audience. Trust CMOLDS to elevate your brand in the competitive UAE market through cutting-edge mobile development.

Ilforno said...

Indulge in a culinary journey through Italy's finest flavors at Ilforno, where every dish tells a story of tradition and excellence. Our cozy ambiance and authentic recipes ensure an unforgettable dining experience, making us the go-to destination for the best pasta dining in abu dhabi. From classic favorites to innovative creations, savor the taste of Italy right here in the heart of the UAE capital.

Post a Comment